Coptis chinensis

The Chinese goldthread (Coptis chinensis) is a species of goldthread native to China.

Chemical constituents

The rhizomes of Coptis chinensis are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and serve as a source for the isoquinoline alkaloidsberberine[3]palmatinehydrastine, and coptisine among others.[4]

Medicinal uses

It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is called duǎn è huánglián (Chinese: 短萼黄连). In Chinese medicine it clears heat and drys (dampness), ‘purging fire to eliminate toxin’.

Coptis chinensis has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat inflammatory symptoms.

A 1996 study found Coptis chinensis to be effective against the gastrointestinal parasite Blastocystis hominis.[5]

Coptis and berberine are promising agents for preventing sepsis and its complications. (Berberine is the main alkaloid compound in Coptis.)[6]

Anti-atherosclerosis.[7]

Anti cancer[8],[9]

Inhibition of West Nile virus and potential to be developed for the treatment of flavivirus infections.[10]

Protective effects on neurodegeneration.[11]

May help with the pain of IBS[12].In rats, it significantly reduced the serotonin (5HT) concentration from the distal colon.

Other uses

Because of the strong coloring quality of berberine, it has been traditionally used as a dye, especially for wool and other fibers.[13]

{Information courtesy Wikipedia}